Managing damp problems in old buildings

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Discoloration of stone masonry

2014/10/29 · Discoloration of stone masonry 1. 1 Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Rajaramnagar DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING Seminar on “Masonry Structure – Discoloration and Weakening” Project by, OMKAR MUNGURDEKAR-1424003 Under the Guidance of Prof. P D Kumbhar

Concrete, Bricks and Blocks & Stones: Properties of Bricks

2012/03/17 · Damp Proof Course Clay bricks of specified low water absorption used at the base of a wall (minimum two courses) to resist the upward movement of ground water. Their use is recommended for free standing wall where otherwise a sheet of DPC material would create a plane of weakness causing the wall to be vulnerable to lateral …

Chinese Ecocinema | Ecocriticism

Last but not least, the study of Chinese ecocinema specically should be placed squarely within the specic intellectual and socio-historical Chinese contexts that may be different from EuroAmerican settings in signicant ways.3 This collective project focuses on the cinematic traditions of Greater China: mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.

Komjathy, Louis - Cultivating Perfection~Mysticism and Self

14 It should be mentioned that prior to this decision, Kongzi has a discussion with Thief Zhi’s brother named Liuxia Ji. After being berated by Kongzi for his failure as an elder brother, Liuxia Ji responds, “Zhi is a man with a heart-mind like a gushing fountain and intentions like a whirlwind.

Wet Walls, Damp Walls and How to Fix Them | Reader's Digest

2019/11/15 · Install a damp-proof course. This job is best left to the professionals. 2. Condensation on walls If you’re not sure of the cause of a damp patch on a wall, try the foil test. Dry the wall ...

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Likestone - Stone Cladding & Imprinted Concrete

Dec 08, 2008 · Likestone is the sole distributors, and contractor of this innovative product called flex-c-ment. Likestone install and design stone facing\stone cladding for walls and floors, suitable for ...

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How to Stain Concrete to Look Like Stone

2018/09/13 · Refreshing the look of your front yard does not have to be a huge undertaking. You can use concrete paint to paint a driveway to look like stone, but the driveway will show wear and tear way too soon. A good concrete stain will fix the problem with less effort and far more durability.

Waterproofing a Retaining Wall

2018/03/05 · Timber does eventually rot however, so concrete sleepers can be a more durable option. Masonry wall – a crushed rock or concrete footing upon which layers of rendered block work or brick are stacked on top of each other and

Can a concrete porch be poured against a stone wall?

Your house has stone walls? Like a castle? Very hard to believe, but it would be impressive if true. Anyway, regardless of whether your house is made of masonry block with a fake stone veneer or is really of stone, you cannot pour concrete against the wall unless both share the same footing.

solar sail material: Topics by

An optical model of solar sail material originally derived at JPL in 1978 has since served as the de facto standard for NASA and other solar sail researchers. The optical model includes terms for specular and diffuse reflection, thermal emission, and non-Lambertian diffuse reflection.

What Is The Difference Between Concrete and Cement?

Oct 22, 2015 · What Is The Difference Between Concrete and Cement? Are concrete and cement the same thing? If you’re reading this, it’s probably because someone tried to convince you (or heaven forbid, you tried to convince someone!) that they are the same. Ahem. Sorry to be the burster of bubbles, but concrete and cement are, in fact, quite different.

What is cement called with no rocks?

Sep 24, 2008 · What is cement called with no rocks? ... the finest particles with a top coater like "top&bond" coming a close second. ... have concrete that has stone and is used ...

Renovating Stone Buildings

2017/06/30 · Damp proof membranes are another cause of concern to SPAB. Douglas frequently gets calls from people who have recently moved into stone walled houses and discover damp problems a month or two later. “It is often because a

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How to Sculpt Concrete to Look Like Stone

2015/02/10 · How to Sculpt Concrete to Look Like Stone

Damp Proofing The Outside Foundation Walls

Most homes built after the 1950's have been treated with damp proofing. However, wet and damp, leaking basement walls remains a widespread problem across Canada and the United States. Damp proofing a foundation wall is a process that involves using a mixture (typically tar- or asphalt-based) on the outside surface of …

How to Waterproof a Basement with a Stone Foundation

2014/04/21 · How to Waterproof a Basement with a Stone Foundation Apr 21, 2014 • By Matthew Stock. Most American homes built after World War I sit on foundations made of concrete block or poured concrete. The refinement ...


Sandstone, like all porous materials has millions of interconnected pores which absorb water and dissolved salts and minerals. However, because sandstone is a very soft, porous stone it is more likely to incur spalling. When

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How to Install and Waterproofing Basement Walls with Membrane

2019/01/12 · How to Install and Waterproofing Basement Walls with Membrane Basements are susceptible to becoming damp due to water entering from underground. The dampness can be controlled by …

The uncertainty and heterogeneity of rock distributions cause the differences of rock proportion within shear zone, leading to a relatively strong fluctuation in peak strengths during the shear process, while movement features of rock blocks, such as translation, rotation and crossing, expand the scope of shear zone, increase the required shear ...

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Damp Proof Course for stone wall

It is possible with an old stone wall that the damp is being transferred through the 'through stones'. These courses, built into the wall about every 3 feet (vertically)run from the outside to the inside and tie the wall together. Possibly could be identified by patches of damp maybe 8 inch across.

Old Houses Deal with Damp by Breathing

Sometimes internal floors have been re-laid in concrete over a polyethylene sheet or asphalt or similar 'damp-proof barrier'. This can make an effective barrier so far as the floor is concerned but it is really a new

Crushed Stone or Crushed Concrete

Jun 30, 2010 · I'm seeing a lot of crushed concrete in the material stream of projects these days, mainly as a substitute for crushed stone. I'm a big advocate of this kind of recycling, but its not always a good substitute in all situations. It seems like a no-brainer, right? Hey, we can get crushed concrete for less than crushed stone - lets use it.